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Стандартные методы испытаний термопластичных материалов, применяемые в США

Терминология и общие вопросы

ASTM D 883 “Standard terminology relating to plastics.

ASTM D 1600 “Standard terminology for abbreviated terms relating to plastics”.

ASTM D 1784 “Standard specification for rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) compounds and chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) compounds” -- ASTM D 1972 “Standard practice for generic marking of plastic products”.

ASTM D 4066 “Standard classification system for Nylon injection and extrusion materials (PA)”.

ASTM D 4101 “Standard specification for polypropylene injection and extrusion materials”.

ASTM D 4216 “Standard specification for rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and related PVC and chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) building products compounds”.

ASTM D 4396 “Standard specification for rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) compounds for plastic pipe and fittings used in nonpressure applications”.

ASTM D 4673 “Standard classification system for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) plastics and alloys molding and extrusion materials”.

ASTM D 4976 “Standard specification for polyethylene plastics molding and extrusion materials”.

ASTM D 5203 "Standard specification for polyethylene plastics molding and extrusion materials from recycled post-consumer (HDPE) sources”.

ASTM D 6263 “Standard specification for extruded rods and bars made from rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC)”.

ASTM D 6779 “Standard classification system for polyamide molding and extrusion materials (PA)”.

Методы определения плотности

ASTM D 1611 “Standard test method for bulk density and specific gravity of plastic lumber and shapes by displacement”.

ASTM D 792 “Standard test method for density and specific gravity (relative density) of plastics by displacement”.

ASTM D 1505 “Standard test method for density of plastics by the density-gradient technique”.

ASTM D 1622 “Standard test method for apparent density of rigid cellular plastics”.

ASTM D 1895 “Standard test methods for apparent density, bulk factor, and pourability of plastic materials”.

Методы определения изгибной прочности и жесткости

ASTM D 790, “Standard test methods for flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and electrical insulating materials”.

ASTM D 6109, “Standard test methods for flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastic lumbers”.

ASTM D 6272, “Standard test methods for flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and electrical insulating materials by four-point bending”.

Методы определения прочности и жесткости при сжатии, растяжении и изгибе

ASTM D 638, “Standard test methods for tensile properties of plastics”.

ASTM D 5083 “Test methods for tensile properties of reinforced thermosetting plastics using straight-sided specimens”.

ASTM D 695, “Standard test method for compressive properties of rigid plastics”.

ASTM D 6108, “Standard test methods for compressive properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastic lumbers”.

ASTM tests recommended for determination of the linear coefficient of thermal expansion-contraction.

ASTM D 696 “Standard test method for coefficient of linear thermal expansion of plastics between 30?C and 30?C with a vitreous silica dilatometer”.

ASTM D 6341 “Standard test method for determination of the linear coefficient of thermal expansion of plastic lumber and plastic lumber shapes between 30 and 1400F (-34.4 and 60?C)”.

ASTM E 228 “Standard test method for linear thermal expansion of solid materials with a vitreous silica dilatometer”.

Методы определения коээфициента статического трения

ASTM D 2047 “Standard test method for static coefficient of friction of polish-coated floor surfaces as measured by the James machine”.

ASTM F 1679 “Standard test method for using a variable incidence tribometer (VIT)”.

ASTM D 2394 “Standard method for simulated service testing of wood and wood-base finish flooring”.

Методы определения водопоглощения

ASTM D 570 “Standard test methods for water absorption of plastics”.

ASTM D 1037 “Test method for evaluating properties of wood-base fiber and particle panel materials”.

ASTM D 2842 “Test methods for water absorption of rigid cellular plastics”.

ASTM D 6662 “Standard specification for polyolefin-based plastic lumber decking boards”.

ASTM D 7032 “Standard specification for establishing performance ratings for wood-plastic composite deck boards and guardrail systems (guards or handrails)”.

Методы определения биостойкости

ASTM D 1413 “Standard test method for wood preservatives by laboratory soil-block cultures”.

ASTM D 2017 “Standard method of accelerated laboratory test of natural decay resistance of woods”.

ASTM E 2180 “Standard test method for determining the activity of incorporated antimicrobial agent(s) in polymeric or hydrophobic materials”.

ASTM G 21 “Standard practice for determining resistance of synthetic polymeric materials to fungi”.

Методы определения огнестойкости

ASTM D 635 “Standard test method for rate of burning and/or extent and time of burning of plastics in a horizontal position”.

ASTM D 1929 “Standard test method for determining ignition temperature of plastics”.

ASTM E 84, “Standard test method for surface burning characteristics of building materials”.

ASTM E 1354 “Standard test method for heat and visible smoke release rates for materials and products using an oxygen consumption calorimeter”.

ASTM E 162 “Standard test method for surface flammability of materials using a radiant heat energy source”.

E 662 “Standard test method for specific optical density of smoke generated by solid materials”.

Методы определения стойкости к окислению

ASTM D 3895 “Standard test method for oxidative-induction time of polyolefins by differential scanning calorimetry”.

ASTM D 5885 “Standard test method for oxidative induction time of polyolefin geosynthetics by high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry”.

ASTM D 1996 “Standard test method for determination of phenolic antioxidants and erucamide slip additives in low density polyethylene using liquid chromatography.

ASTM D 5524 “Standard test method for determination of phenolic antioxidants in high density polyethylene using liquid chromatography”.

ASTM D 5815 “Standard test method for determination of phenolic antioxidants and erucamide slip additives in linear low-density polyethylene using liquid chromatography”.

ASTM D 6042 “Standard test method for determination of phenolic antioxidants and erucamide slip additives in polypropylene homopolymer formulations using liquid chromatography”.

ASTM D 6953 “Standard test method for determination of antioxidants and erucamide slip additives in polyethylene using liquid chromatography”.

ASTM D 3012 “Standard test method for thermal-oxidative stability of polypropylene using a specimen rotator within an oven.

ASTM D 5510 “Standard practice for heat aging of oxidatively degradable plastics”.

Методы определения атмосферостойкости

ASTM D 2565 “Standard practice for Xenon arc exposure of plastics intended for outdoor applications”.

ASTM D “Standard practice for outdoor weathering of plastics”.

ASTM D 4329 “Practice for fluorescent UV exposure of plastics”.

ASTM D 4364 “Practice for performing outdoor accelerated weathering tests of plastics using concentrated sunlight”.

ASTM D 4459 “Practice for xenon-arc exposure of plastics intended for indoor applications”.

ASTM D 5071 “Practice for exposure of photodegradable plastics in a xenon arc apparatus”.

ASTM D 5208 “Practice for fluorescent ultraviolet (UV) exposure of photodegradable plastics”.

ASTM D 5272 “Practice for outdoor exposure testing of photodegradable plastics”.

ASTM G 155 “Standard practice for operating xenon arc light apparatus for exposure of non-metallic materials”.

Методы определения реологических свойств

ASTM D 1238-04, “Standard test method for melt flow rates of thermoplastics by extrusion plastometer”.

ASTM D 3835-02, “Standard test method for determination of properties of polymeric materials by means of a capillary rheometer”.

ASTM D 5422-03, “Standard test method for measurement of properties of thermoplastic materials by screw-extrusion capillary rheometer”.

ASTM D 4440-01, “Standard test method for plastics: dynamic mechanical properties melt rheology”.

ASTM D 4065-01, “Standard practice for plastics: dynamic mechanical properties: determination and report of procedures”.

Автор статьи: Абушенко Александр Викторович